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create_function

create_function

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.1, PHP 5)

create_functionCreate an anonymous (lambda-style) function

说明

string create_function ( string $args , string $code )

Creates an anonymous function from the parameters passed, and returns a unique name for it.

参数

Usually these parameters will be passed as single quote delimited strings. The reason for using single quoted strings, is to protect the variable names from parsing, otherwise, if you use double quotes there will be a need to escape the variable names, e.g. $avar.

args

The function arguments.

code

The function code.

返回值

Returns a unique function name as a string, or FALSE on error.

范例

Example #1 Creating an anonymous function with create_function()

You can use this function, to (for example) create a function from information gathered at run time:

<?php
$newfunc 
create_function('$a,$b''return "ln($a) + ln($b) = " . log($a * $b);');
echo 
"New anonymous function: $newfunc ";
echo 
$newfunc(2M_E) . " ";
// outputs
// New anonymous function: lambda_1
// ln(2) + ln(2.718281828459) = 1.6931471805599
?>

Or, perhaps to have general handler function that can apply a set of operations to a list of parameters:

Example #2 Making a general processing function with create_function()

<?php
function process($var1$var2$farr)
{
    foreach (
$farr as $f) {
        echo 
$f($var1$var2) . " ";
    }
}

// create a bunch of math functions
$f1 'if ($a >=0) {return "b*a^2 = ".$b*sqrt($a);} else {return false;}';
$f2 "return "min(b^2+a, a^2,b) = ".min($a*$a+$b,$b*$b+$a);";
$f3 'if ($a > 0 && $b != 0) {return "ln(a)/b = ".log($a)/$b; } else { return false; }';
$farr = array(
    
create_function('$x,$y''return "some trig: ".(sin($x) + $x*cos($y));'),
    
create_function('$x,$y''return "a hypotenuse: ".sqrt($x*$x + $y*$y);'),
    
create_function('$a,$b'$f1),
    
create_function('$a,$b'$f2),
    
create_function('$a,$b'$f3)
    );

echo 
" Using the first array of anonymous functions ";
echo 
"parameters: 2.3445, M_PI ";
process(2.3445M_PI$farr);

// now make a bunch of string processing functions
$garr = array(
    
create_function('$b,$a''if (strncmp($a, $b, 3) == 0) return "** "$a" '.
    
'and "$b" ** Look the same to me! (looking at the first 3 chars)";'),
    
create_function('$a,$b''; return "CRCs: " . crc32($a) . ", ".crc32($b);'),
    
create_function('$a,$b''; return "similar(a,b) = " . similar_text($a, $b, &$p) . "($p%)";')
    );
echo 
" Using the second array of anonymous functions ";
process("Twas brilling and the slithy toves""Twas the night"$garr);
?>

以上例程会输出:

Using the first array of anonymous functions
parameters: 2.3445, M_PI
some trig: -1.6291725057799
a hypotenuse: 3.9199852871011
b*a^2 = 4.8103313314525
min(b^2+a, a^2,b) = 8.6382729035898
ln(a)/b = 0.27122299212594

Using the second array of anonymous functions
** "Twas the night" and "Twas brilling and the slithy toves"
** Look the same to me! (looking at the first 3 chars)
CRCs: -725381282, 342550513
similar(a,b) = 11(45.833333333333%)

But perhaps the most common use for of lambda-style (anonymous) functions is to create callback functions, for example when using array_walk() or usort()

Example #3 Using anonymous functions as callback functions

<?php
$av 
= array("the ""a ""that ""this ");
array_walk($avcreate_function('&$v,$k''$v = $v . "mango";'));
print_r($av);
?>

以上例程会输出:

Array
(
  [0] => the mango
  [1] => a mango
  [2] => that mango
  [3] => this mango
)

an array of strings ordered from shorter to longer

<?php

$sv 
= array("small""larger""a big string""it is a string thing");
print_r($sv);

?>

以上例程会输出:

Array
(
  [0] => small
  [1] => larger
  [2] => a big string
  [3] => it is a string thing
)

sort it from longer to shorter

<?php

usort
($svcreate_function('$a,$b','return strlen($b) - strlen($a);'));
print_r($sv);

?>

以上例程会输出:

Array
(
  [0] => it is a string thing
  [1] => a big string
  [2] => larger
  [3] => small
)

参见


  • call_user_func
  • call_user_func_array
  • create_function
  • forward_static_call
  • forward_static_call_array
  • function_exists
  • func_get_arg
  • func_num_args
  • get_defined_functions
  • register_shutdown_function
  • register_tick_function
  • unregister_tick_function
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