Java的MyBatis框架中Mapper映射配置的使用及原理解析


Mapper的内置方法
model层就是实体类,对应数据库的表。controller层是Servlet,主要是负责业务模块流程的控制,调用service接口的方法,在struts2就是Action。Service层主要做逻辑判断,Dao层是数据访问层,与数据库进行对接。至于Mapper是mybtis框架的映射用到,mapper映射文件在dao层用。

下面是介绍一下Mapper的内置方法:

1、countByExample ===>根据条件查询数量

int countByExample(UserExample example);
 
//下面是一个完整的案列
UserExample example = new UserExample();
 Criteria criteria = example.createCriteria();
 criteria.andUsernameEqualTo("joe");
 int count = userDAO.countByExample(example);

 相当于:select count(*) from user where username='joe'
 
2、deleteByExample ===>根据条件删除多条

int deleteByExample(AccountExample example);
 
//下面是一个完整的案例
UserExample example = new UserExample();
 Criteria criteria = example.createCriteria();
 criteria.andUsernameEqualTo("joe");
 userDAO.deleteByExample(example);
 相当于:delete from user where username='joe'

3、deleteByPrimaryKey===>根据条件删除单条

int deleteByPrimaryKey(Integer id);
userDAO.deleteByPrimaryKey(101); 

相当于:

delete from user where id=101
 

4、insert===>插入数据

int insert(Account record);
 
//下面是完整的案例
User user = new User();
 //user.setId(101);
 user.setUsername("test");
 user.setPassword("123456")
 user.setEmail("674531003@qq.com");
 userDAO.insert(user);

 相当于:

insert into user(ID,username,password,email) values(101,'test','123456','674531003@qq.com');

 5、insertSelective===>插入数据

int insertSelective(Account record);

6、selectByExample===>根据条件查询数据

List<Account> selectByExample(AccountExample example);
 
//下面是一个完整的案例
UserExample example = new UserExample();
Criteria criteria = example.createCriteria();
criteria.andUsernameEqualTo("joe");
criteria.andUsernameIsNull();
example.setOrderByClause("username asc,email desc");
List<?>list = userDAO.selectByExample(example);
相当于:select * from user where username = 'joe' and username is null order by username asc,email desc
 
//注:在iBator 生成的文件UserExample.java中包含一个static 的内部类 Criteria ,在Criteria中有很多方法,主要是定义SQL 语句where后的查询条件。

 7、selectByPrimaryKey===>根据主键查询数据

Account selectByPrimaryKey(Integer id);//相当于select * from user where id = 变量id

 
8、updateByExampleSelective===>按条件更新值不为null的字段

int updateByExampleSelective(@Param("record") Account record, @Param("example") AccountExample example);
 
//下面是一个完整的案列
UserExample example = new UserExample();
 Criteria criteria = example.createCriteria();
 criteria.andUsernameEqualTo("joe");
 User user = new User();
 user.setPassword("123");
 userDAO.updateByPrimaryKeySelective(user,example);
 相当于:update user set password='123' where username='joe'

 
9、updateByExampleSelective===>按条件更新

int updateByExample(@Param("record") Account record, @Param("example") AccountExample example);

10、updateByPrimaryKeySelective===>按条件更新

int updateByPrimaryKeySelective(Account record);

//下面是一个完整的案例

 User user = new User();
user.setId(101);
user.setPassword("joe");
userDAO.updateByPrimaryKeySelective(user);

相当于:

update user set password='joe' where id=101
int updateByPrimaryKeySelective(Account record);
 
//下面是一个完整的案例
 
 User user = new User();
user.setId(101);
user.setPassword("joe");
userDAO.updateByPrimaryKeySelective(user);

相当于:update user set password='joe' where id=101

11、updateByPrimaryKey===>按主键更新

int updateByPrimaryKey(Account record);

//下面是一个完整的案例
User user =new User();
 user.setId(101);
 user.setUsername("joe");
 user.setPassword("joe");
 user.setEmail("joe@163.com");
 userDAO.updateByPrimaryKey(user);

 相当于:

update user set username='joe',password='joe',email='joe@163.com' where id=101
int updateByPrimaryKey(Account record);
 
//下面是一个完整的案例
User user =new User();
 user.setId(101);
 user.setUsername("joe");
 user.setPassword("joe");
 user.setEmail("joe@163.com");
 userDAO.updateByPrimaryKey(user);

 相当于:

update user set username='joe',password='joe',email='joe@163.com' where id=101

 
解析mapper的xml配置文件
我们来看看mybatis是怎么读取mapper的xml配置文件并解析其中的sql语句。

我们还记得是这样配置sqlSessionFactory的:

<bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">   
  <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />  
  <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:configuration.xml"></property>   
  <property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath:com/xxx/mybatis/mapper/*.xml"/>   
  <property name="typeAliasesPackage" value="com.tiantian.mybatis.model" />   
</bean>  

这里配置了一个mapperLocations属性,它是一个表达式,sqlSessionFactory会根据这个表达式读取包com.xxx.mybaits.mapper下面的所有xml格式文件,那么具体是怎么根据这个属性来读取配置文件的呢?

答案就在SqlSessionFactoryBean类中的buildSqlSessionFactory方法中:

if (!isEmpty(this.mapperLocations)) { 
   for (Resource mapperLocation : this.mapperLocations) { 
    if (mapperLocation == null) { 
     continue; 
    } 
 
    try { 
     XMLMapperBuilder xmlMapperBuilder = new XMLMapperBuilder(mapperLocation.getInputStream(), 
       configuration, mapperLocation.toString(), configuration.getSqlFragments()); 
     xmlMapperBuilder.parse(); 
    } catch (Exception e) { 
     throw new NestedIOException("Failed to parse mapping resource: '" + mapperLocation + "'", e); 
    } finally { 
     ErrorContext.instance().reset(); 
    } 
 
    if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) { 
     logger.debug("Parsed mapper file: '" + mapperLocation + "'"); 
    } 
   } 
  } 

mybatis使用XMLMapperBuilder类的实例来解析mapper配置文件。

public XMLMapperBuilder(Reader reader, Configuration configuration, String resource, Map<String, XNode> sqlFragments) { 
  this(new XPathParser(reader, true, configuration.getVariables(), new XMLMapperEntityResolver()), 
    configuration, resource, sqlFragments); 
 } 

private XMLMapperBuilder(XPathParser parser, Configuration configuration, String resource, Map<String, XNode> sqlFragments) { 
  super(configuration); 
  this.builderAssistant = new MapperBuilderAssistant(configuration, resource); 
  this.parser = parser; 
  this.sqlFragments = sqlFragments; 
  this.resource = resource; 
 } 

接着系统调用xmlMapperBuilder的parse方法解析mapper。

public void parse() { 
  //如果configuration对象还没加载xml配置文件(避免重复加载,实际上是确认是否解析了mapper节点的属性及内容, 
  //为解析它的子节点如cache、sql、select、resultMap、parameterMap等做准备), 
  //则从输入流中解析mapper节点,然后再将resource的状态置为已加载 
  if (!configuration.isResourceLoaded(resource)) { 
   configurationElement(parser.evalNode("/mapper")); 
   configuration.addLoadedResource(resource); 
   bindMapperForNamespace(); 
  } 
  //解析在configurationElement函数中处理resultMap时其extends属性指向的父对象还没被处理的<resultMap>节点 
  parsePendingResultMaps(); 
  //解析在configurationElement函数中处理cache-ref时其指向的对象不存在的<cache>节点(如果cache-ref先于其指向的cache节点加载就会出现这种情况) 
  parsePendingChacheRefs(); 
  //同上,如果cache没加载的话处理statement时也会抛出异常 
  parsePendingStatements(); 
 } 

mybatis解析mapper的xml文件的过程已经很明显了,接下来我们看看它是怎么解析mapper的:

private void configurationElement(XNode context) { 
  try { 
   //获取mapper节点的namespace属性 
   String namespace = context.getStringAttribute("namespace"); 
   if (namespace.equals("")) { 
    throw new BuilderException("Mapper's namespace cannot be empty"); 
   } 
   //设置当前namespace 
   builderAssistant.setCurrentNamespace(namespace); 
   //解析mapper的<cache-ref>节点 
   cacheRefElement(context.evalNode("cache-ref")); 
   //解析mapper的<cache>节点 
   cacheElement(context.evalNode("cache")); 
   //解析mapper的<parameterMap>节点 
   parameterMapElement(context.evalNodes("/mapper/parameterMap")); 
   //解析mapper的<resultMap>节点 
   resultMapElements(context.evalNodes("/mapper/resultMap")); 
   //解析mapper的<sql>节点 
   sqlElement(context.evalNodes("/mapper/sql")); 
   //使用XMLStatementBuilder的对象解析mapper的<select>、<insert>、<update>、<delete>节点, 
   //mybaits会使用MappedStatement.Builder类build一个MappedStatement对象, 
   //所以mybaits中一个sql对应一个MappedStatement 
   buildStatementFromContext(context.evalNodes("select|insert|update|delete")); 
  } catch (Exception e) { 
   throw new BuilderException("Error parsing Mapper XML. Cause: " + e, e); 
  } 
 } 

configurationElement函数几乎解析了mapper节点下所有子节点,至此mybaits解析了mapper中的所有节点,并将其加入到了Configuration对象中提供给sqlSessionFactory对象随时使用。这里我们需要补充讲一下mybaits是怎么使用XMLStatementBuilder类的对象的parseStatementNode函数借用MapperBuilderAssistant类对象builderAssistant的addMappedStatement解析MappedStatement并将其关联到Configuration类对象的:

public void parseStatementNode() { 
  //ID属性 
  String id = context.getStringAttribute("id"); 
  //databaseId属性 
  String databaseId = context.getStringAttribute("databaseId"); 
 
  if (!databaseIdMatchesCurrent(id, databaseId, this.requiredDatabaseId)) { 
   return; 
  } 
  //fetchSize属性 
  Integer fetchSize = context.getIntAttribute("fetchSize"); 
  //timeout属性 
  Integer timeout = context.getIntAttribute("timeout"); 
  //parameterMap属性 
  String parameterMap = context.getStringAttribute("parameterMap"); 
  //parameterType属性 
  String parameterType = context.getStringAttribute("parameterType"); 
  Class<?> parameterTypeClass = resolveClass(parameterType); 
  //resultMap属性 
  String resultMap = context.getStringAttribute("resultMap"); 
  //resultType属性 
  String resultType = context.getStringAttribute("resultType"); 
  //lang属性 
  String lang = context.getStringAttribute("lang"); 
  LanguageDriver langDriver = getLanguageDriver(lang); 
 
  Class<?> resultTypeClass = resolveClass(resultType); 
  //resultSetType属性 
  String resultSetType = context.getStringAttribute("resultSetType"); 
  StatementType statementType = StatementType.valueOf(context.getStringAttribute("statementType", StatementType.PREPARED.toString())); 
  ResultSetType resultSetTypeEnum = resolveResultSetType(resultSetType); 
 
  String nodeName = context.getNode().getNodeName(); 
  SqlCommandType sqlCommandType = SqlCommandType.valueOf(nodeName.toUpperCase(Locale.ENGLISH)); 
  //是否是<select>节点 
  boolean isSelect = sqlCommandType == SqlCommandType.SELECT; 
  //flushCache属性 
  boolean flushCache = context.getBooleanAttribute("flushCache", !isSelect); 
  //useCache属性 
  boolean useCache = context.getBooleanAttribute("useCache", isSelect); 
  //resultOrdered属性 
  boolean resultOrdered = context.getBooleanAttribute("resultOrdered", false); 
 
  // Include Fragments before parsing 
  XMLIncludeTransformer includeParser = new XMLIncludeTransformer(configuration, builderAssistant); 
  includeParser.applyIncludes(context.getNode()); 
 
  // Parse selectKey after includes and remove them. 
  processSelectKeyNodes(id, parameterTypeClass, langDriver); 
   
  // Parse the SQL (pre: <selectKey> and <include> were parsed and removed) 
  SqlSource sqlSource = langDriver.createSqlSource(configuration, context, parameterTypeClass); 
  //resultSets属性 
  String resultSets = context.getStringAttribute("resultSets"); 
  //keyProperty属性 
  String keyProperty = context.getStringAttribute("keyProperty"); 
  //keyColumn属性 
  String keyColumn = context.getStringAttribute("keyColumn"); 
  KeyGenerator keyGenerator; 
  String keyStatementId = id + SelectKeyGenerator.SELECT_KEY_SUFFIX; 
  keyStatementId = builderAssistant.applyCurrentNamespace(keyStatementId, true); 
  if (configuration.hasKeyGenerator(keyStatementId)) { 
   keyGenerator = configuration.getKeyGenerator(keyStatementId); 
  } else { 
   //useGeneratedKeys属性 
   keyGenerator = context.getBooleanAttribute("useGeneratedKeys", 
     configuration.isUseGeneratedKeys() && SqlCommandType.INSERT.equals(sqlCommandType)) 
     ? new Jdbc3KeyGenerator() : new NoKeyGenerator(); 
  } 
 
  builderAssistant.addMappedStatement(id, sqlSource, statementType, sqlCommandType, 
    fetchSize, timeout, parameterMap, parameterTypeClass, resultMap, resultTypeClass, 
    resultSetTypeEnum, flushCache, useCache, resultOrdered,  
    keyGenerator, keyProperty, keyColumn, databaseId, langDriver, resultSets); 
 } 

由以上代码可以看出mybaits使用XPath解析mapper的配置文件后将其中的resultMap、parameterMap、cache、statement等节点使用关联的builder创建并将得到的对象关联到configuration对象中,而这个configuration对象可以从sqlSession中获取的,这就解释了我们在使用sqlSession对数据库进行操作时mybaits怎么获取到mapper并执行其中的sql语句的问题。



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